Bovine Viral Diarrhea and Mucosal Disease Complex

Disease induced by BVDV varies in severity, duration, and organ systems involved. Acute disease results from infection of susceptible cattle..

Brucellosis in Cattle (Contagious abortion, Bang’s disease)

BRUCELLA ABORTUS is a major cause of abortion worldwide but has been controlled in most parts of the world. In..


Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia

This highly contagious pneumonia is generally accompanied by pleurisy. It is present in Africa, the Iberian peninsula, and parts of..


East Coast Fever

East Coast fever, an acute disease of cattle, is characterized usually by high fever, swelling of the lymph nodes, dyspnea,..


Foot-and-Mouth disease in Ruminants

Bovine, gingiva. There is an elongate erosion (ruptured vesicle) ventral to the incisors. Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious..

Footrot in Cattle (Interdigital phlegmon, Foul in the foot)

Description Signs of foot rot include swelling of the coronary band with spreading of the toes and/or necrosis of tissue..


Heartwater, Ehrlichia Ruminatium, in Ruminants

Heartwater is a major disease in Africa and the Carribean. Caused by EHRLICHIA RUMINANTIUM, an obligate-intracellular gram-negative bacterium spread by..


Infectious Keratoconjunctivitis (Pinkeye, Infectious ophthalmia)

Description Infectious keratoconjunctivitis (pinkeye) caused by MORAXELLA BOVIS is one of the most common bovine ocular diseases. Cattle are the..


Johnes Disease (Paratuberculosis) in Cattle

Clinical Signs. Affected cattle, sheep and goats develop progressive emaciation. Typical age of onset of obvious clinical signs: 2-7 yrs…


Leptospirosis in Cattle (Redwater of calves)

Description Leptospirosis is recognized worldwide as a cause of abortion, systemic illness, and mastitis. Signs can be mild or severe…